Hur ser framtidens mer miljövänliga “kött” ut? Vetenskapsstudion testar mat tillverkad av blommor och insekter, och reder ut om matinnovationer och miljökrav kommer kunna ändra vår kost. Dessutom pratar vi med forskare som nu testar möjligheten att designa om mänskliga embryon. Programledare: Linus Brohult, Karin Gyllenklev och Rasmus Åkerblom
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Global Bugs kommer att närvara på årets matdag som handlar om Innovation, startups och riskkapital.
Enligt Livsmedelsföretagen som anordnar Matdagen så står såväl nya som etablerade företag står inför en spännande resa när mat och livsstil blir allt mer sammanvävda. Men hänger branschen med? Varför saknas ofta det välbehövliga riskkapitalet? Vad krävs för att alla de bubblande nykomlingarna ska utvecklas och bli nästa generations etablerade företag? Vi vrider och vänder på utmaningar och möjligheter.
Global Bugs kommer att dels vara talare och dels som utställare där vi bjuder på crispy crickets och proothies. Våra crispy crickets tillverkar vi i vår egen farm i Thailand medan våra proothies blandas på plats av våra representanter och Co-Founders av Global Bugs, Rickard Engberg och Peter Arndt.
Väl mött i vår monter den 8 maj i Moderna Museets lokaler på Skeppsholmen i Stockholm.
Aspire Co-Founder & CEO Mohammed Ashour and Cisco Executive Chairman John Chambers agree that edible insects is the answer to the world’s food problems
Insect consumption is widely seen as an important solution in helping to feed the growing population, expected to reach over 9 billion by 2050. Surprisingly, insects are consumed by over 80% of people today in non-western countries. Global Bugs is sure that insects will be an important alternative source of protein for the future where protein levels are at about 70% in crickets.
There are several reasons why Global Bugs has chosen Thailand as our hub for production of crickets and black soldier flies. Thailand is a leading country in this industry and the reason why many companies decided to choose Thailand as their production hub. First, Thailand has an abundant supply of edible insects, which has attracted a lot of new and emerging western companies. Second, Thailand has farmed crickets for over 20 years. Third, the cost of production is favorable compared with Canada, the world’s largest cricket producer. While Canadian cricket flour costs between THB 2,100 to 4,800 (USD 60 to 137) per kilo, Thailand produces cricket flour at THB 700 and 900 (USD 20 to 26) per kilo.
As per today, Global Bugs Asia Co., Ltd. has been promoted by the Board Of Investment (BOI) within the category of research and development of edible insects. Something that we of course are very proud of.
Thailand is aiming to capture further growth and development in the edible insects market. The Thai Ministry of Agriculture expects to obtain the “Good Agriculture Practice (GAP)” certification for cricket farming by 2017. This will further enhance Thailand’s reputation as the go-to destination for investors who think of alternative protein sources and making insects part of a sustainable diet in the future.
Aspire Co-Founder & CEO Mohammed Ashour and Cisco Executive Chairman John Chambers on investing in edible insects to be the future of food, and what they believe to be the biggest challenges facing entrepreneurs.
Idag är insekter som framtidens mat ett hett ämne, men för den del av världen som inte redan har insekter som en del av sin vardagliga kost, är “äckelfaktorn” eller “disgust factor” som den kallas på engelska, ett hinder när det gäller att istället få över fokus på insekter som ett högkvalitativt foder till djuren.
Insekter som del i djurfoder kan potentiellt ersätta mellan 25 % och 100 % av sojamjöl eller fiskmjöl i dagens djurfoder genom att istället använda mjöl från syrsor som en lågkostnads- och proteinrik ersättning till fiskmjöl. Utbudet på fiskmjöl minskar stadigt pga. utfiskning av våra hav, samtidigt som efterfrågan ökar vilket leder till ökade priser på världsmarknaden. Det är dock inte det värsta som händer, utan det är att vi går mot en naturkatastrof av stora mått när haven utfiskas i den takt som nu sker.
När det gäller utsläpp av växthusgaser jämfört med nötkött, så avger syrsor nästan ingen metangas, 1% koldioxid samt en tredjedel av ammoniak per kilo kroppsvikt, per dag.
Global Bugs bidrar till en tryggad livsmedelsförsörjning, är med och leder proteinskiftet samt är en viktig del av lösningen på en global brist av protein.
Stefan Järlhem, Co-Founder, Global Bugs Holding AB
Den nya trenden för startups år 2017 är inom alternativt protein enligt Fortune’s Erin Griffith. I ett av hennes dagliga nyhetsbrev för riskkapitalister och affärsänglar delade hon med sig av ett antal antaganden från sina läsare. Ett antagande var att ”Alternativa Proteiner kommer att ersätta VR (virtual reality) som mest ”hype” år 2017.
Startups inom alternativa proteiner har redan lockat investeringar från flera uppmärksammade namn som Bill Gates, Khosla Ventures, Peter Thiel Founders Fund, Google Ventures, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Horizons Ventures (riskkapitaldelen av Hongkongmiljardären Li Ka-shing) Tyson Foods, Singapore’s statliga fond Temasek, General Mills, Arielle Zuckerberg , rapparen Nas och Marc Benioff.
Just nu genomför Global Bugs Holding AB diskussioner med ett flertal intresserade placerare och samarbetspartners. För mer information, ladda ner vår teaser.
Kanitsanan Thanthitiwat, CEO, Global Bugs Asia Co., Ltd.
Business development is significantly easier in Thailand compared to the neighbouring countries as it serves as a dynamic gateway to a fast growing economic market in Asia with exceptional governmental support and ease of doing business among emerging economies in East Asia.
Global Bugs is promoted by the Board Of Investment (BOI), which operates under the Prime Minister’s Office and is the principal government agency for encouraging foreign direct investment in Thailand. Furthermore, Global Bugs Asia Co., Ltd. is allowed to be a fully owned subsidiary to Global Bugs Holding AB in Sweden, making a secure and clean company structure.
There are several reasons why Thailand is a leading country in this industry and why many companies decided to choose Thailand as their production hub. Thailand has an abundant supply of edible insects, which has attracted a lot of new and emerging western companies.
For more information, please read the BOI newsletter using this link http://www.boi.go.th/upload/content/TIR_Feb17_vF_93086.pdf
Enterra Feed Corporation has received approval from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) to sell its Whole Dried Black Soldier Fly Larvae as a feed ingredient for salmonids, including farmed salmon, trout and arctic char.
With this approval, the company is now the first to market and sell this sustainable, natural product to aquaculture feed manufacturers in Canada. This is the first Canadian approval of an insect-based aquaculture feed ingredient, and follows the CFIA’s approval using this same product in feed for chicken broilers last year. Enterra received a similar US approval for use in salmonid feeds in 2016.
Canada is the fourth-largest producer of farmed salmon in the world, according to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans. In 2015 the farm gate value (the net value when it leaves the farm) of salmon and trout in Canada was $850 million1.
Digestible and renewable source of protein
“Aquaculture feed producers have been keenly awaiting this approval and we look forward to supplying their needs immediately,” said Andrew Vickerson, Chief Technology Officer, Enterra. “Fish eat insects in their natural environment and our product is a healthy, digestible and renewable source of protein and fat that can replace less sustainable ingredients, including fish meal and soybean meal.”
Production of fish meal, which is a standard aquaculture feed ingredient, can deplete wild ocean fish stocks and is subject to substantial price fluctuations. Soybean meal requires significant agricultural inputs that could otherwise be used more efficiently to grow food for people.
“Insects are a natural source of digestible protein and fat for fish, including salmon and trout,” said Dr Brad Hicks, a veterinarian and partner in Taplow Feeds, an aquaculture feed manufacturer. “This product will contribute to healthy, active fish and is a great alternative feed ingredient.”
Black soldier fly is a beneficial insect
Enterra uses the larvae of the black soldier fly, a beneficial insect species that is highly efficient at upcycling complex nutrients in pre-consumer waste food into an excellent source of protein and fat, perfect for inclusion in feed for fish, poultry, pets and zoo animals. These innovative products offer a sustainable alternative to resource-intensive feed ingredients like fish meal, fish oil, soybean meal, palm kernel oil and coconut oil.
Source: AllAboutFeed.net and Enterra.
Nyordslistan 2016 består av 43 ord som på ett eller annat sätt etablerats i det svenska språket. Listan ger en bild av hur samhället och språket hänger ihop.
En tydlig språktrend är att flera ord med anknytning till miljön och till kretsloppstänk tagit sig in på listan. Ord som lånegarderob, ett ställe som lånar ut kläder, och matsvinnsbutik, en livsmedelsaffär som säljer varor som annars skulle ha kasserats, finns med på listan.
– Ganska många tänker mer kretsloppsartat. Ett annat ord på listan är proteinskifte som står för att man går över från köttprotein som belastar klimatet ganska hårt till att istället äta mer grönsaker, säger Anders Svensson.
According to the European Union (EU) has adopted rules Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 with new foods (Novel Food) instead of the existing rules. The regulation also covers new foods, such as foods not consumed in the EU prior to May 15, 1997, local food (Traditional Food) consumed in a third country not less than 25 years, the food component is engineered nanomaterials (Engineered Nanomaterial), including dishes made with insects or insect parts. The adoption of such rules affects the export of food products, especially insects, such as crickets. In Thailand the insects as the new economy have expanded and has raised increasing every year. They are also the foods that get the attention of consumers. Both domestic and abroad extensively due to a highly nutritious, cheap, low cost, and can be processed to add value in a variety of species.
National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards (ACFS) and Delegation of European Union, Khonkaen University and the Office of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) joined the seminar “The new EU regulation for food: The special case of insects” on 26-27 October 2016 by inviting experts from agencies of the EU risk assessment (EFSA) to provide knowledge and understanding about the Novel Food Regulation to manufacturers and operators of Thailand to prepare for the enforcement of such regulations. And encourage farmers and entrepreneurs, accelerate the development of processing and manufacturing products that are safe, according to EU standards. This will increase competitiveness further.
Present ACFS accelerated preparation of the cricket farm and expected to be adopted formally by the year 2017 to support the party because it processed and exported to international cricket. And support the forthcoming Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 which will take effect on January 1, 2560.
On 19 January 2017 our Chief Operations Officer, one of the academic committee, participated the meeting for Good Agricultural Pratice (GAP) for cricket farms standard. Thailand will be the first country in the world where has GAP for cricket farm standard.
Source: http://www.acfs.go.th and https://www.linkedin.com/company/global-bugs
Entomophagy is a new phenomenon in the West, and as a result it is rarely regulated. This leads to public institutions like food agencies, customs and health departments often finding themselves helpless in the face of new product development based on processed insects.
From a geographical point of view, there are three legal trends. First, there are the Anglo-Saxon countries, for whom the American FDA’s stance was enough to allow marketing.
Then there are the non-English-speaking Western countries, and the European Union, in particular, which have felt the need to have rules and provide approvals before allowing any marketing.
Non-Western countries comprise the remaining trend: there, insects are often a traditional food, but rarely packaged and exported or imported.
In these countries, customs and the FDA had never found themselves facing packaged products containing insects, as insects were usually found in the local market, unpackaged. And in the absence of regulations these agencies have sometimes shown inconsistent reactions.
I’ve compiled here a collection of the regulatory position of insects in Western countries. Matters that may be subject to rules are breeding, production, marketing, and import/export. There are cases where the marketing of edible insects is legal, but the import or export is not (for example, Belgium does not accept insects from non-EU countries).
In addition, there is the matter of food legislation, which is often lacking industry standards for insect foods. In particular, insects are not included in the Codex Alimentarius, which contains an international guideline for food safety.
Additions to the Codex will be decided by member nations of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations at their next quadrennial meeting. The move follows a proposal by Laos’s delegation to set up a working group on crickets as food. This is yet to have been written, though, despite the support of other countries in Southeast Asia and the creation of a document on this topic.
Customs offices also often have difficulty in finding reference points. Harmonised system codes decided internationally by the World Customs Organisation for the nomenclature of goods do not contain any definition that refers to insects as food. The creation of new codes can be requested by a member state.
Crickets are not considered as a novel food, and today the largest breeder in North America is located in Canada and serves some local start-ups, including One Hop Kitchen. If, however, an insect lacks a history of safe consumption, it might fall back into the novel food category pending an evaluation by the Bureau of Microbial Hazards in the Food Directorate.
There is no specific set of standards for edible insects in America. The FDA has made public its opinion, which is the current legal basis for the market. To be allowed for market, the insects must have been bred for human consumption. Products containing insects must of course follow the standards required by the FDA including bacteriological tests and good manufacturing practice certification. The label on the product must include the common name and the insect’s scientific name, and note the potential risks of allergy.
Australia and New Zealand
Both nations share an agency for the maintenance of food safety, Fsanz. This agency has addressed some cases like the super mealworm (Zophobas morio), the domestic cricket (Acheta domesticus) and the moth (Tenebrio molitor), deciding that they are not novel foods, even though they cannot be considered traditional foods either. In particular, they have not encountered food safety problems and consequently have not been put to the consumption limits or import.
According to the European Parliament and the Food Safety Agency, Efsa, insects fall into the “novel foods” category, and consequently are subject to lengthy approval processes.
Four countries do not accept this interpretation and explicitly permit—and in one case, regulate—the marketing and consumption of insects. These are Belgium, Britain, the Netherlands and Denmark.
In some other countries there is a certain degree of tolerance (France, for example). In others, such as Italy and Germany, the tolerance is zero. Because of the complexity (and cost) of the approvals process, no start-up has as yet submitted an application under the novel food regulations.
In a meeting in October 2015, the European Parliament discussed edible insects in connection with a revision of the novel food law, in order to simplify the steps and reduce the timing (sometimes three years) for approval. The new law will come into effect on January 1, 2018. The details on how to submit a dossier were released last September.
EFSA has stated that evidence for the approval of crickets as food can be presented in two different ways. The standard process (the entire procedure for which should take about a year), or one defined as “Traditional food from a third country” (Article 14, law EU in 2283), which is expected to be faster (about six months). However, in this second case, a member country could make an complaint, therefore lengthening the time.
The procedure provides that an individual applies for approval—this could be a single citizen, a company or an institution, either in the EU or outside. If presented with two applications for the same food, the approval is universal. In other words, once the food—for example, the cricket—is approved, it is for everyone’s benefit, including the producers and importers.
The Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain has produced a specific regulation for edible insects which makes Belgium one of the most advanced nations in terms of entomophagy. The FASFC approved ten insects: two types of cricket (Acheta domesticus and Gryllodes Sigillatus), two types of locust, three variants of mealworm, two types of moths (greater wax moth, lesser wax moth) and silkworms. They have specifically detailed rules for breeding and sale, and no insects bred outside of the European Union are accepted.
The Netherlands is home to some mealworm and cricket farms designed to breed for for human consumption. These include the leader, Protifarm (and its subsidiary Kreca), as well as some start-ups active in the marketing and production of edible insects. Its legal basis is not clear, though, and the public body responsible for food safety (NVWA) has refused to comment.
The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration believes that whole insects (including flour, if coming from whole insects) do not fall under the EU novel food legislation. As a result, imports from non-EU countries are theoretically possible.
The control of food in Germany is a task for the 16 federal states. The Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL) fulfils only some coordination functions, so its position is not legally binding and it is aligned with the EU commission decision: insects or parts of insects are novel food and cannot be sold in Germany until a procedure for novel food approval has been finalised.
Norway is not an EU member, but belongs to the European Economic Area and therefore follows a number of European regulations. Still, their interpretation of edible insects is that when they are whole (as opposed to parts or isolates of insects), they do not fall under the novel food law. This is the position of the food agency, www.mattilsynet.no.
The Food Safety Agency has shown a favourable position on the sale, consumption and import of edible insects. Insects are also allowed to be used as feed consumption for aquaculture—though not as animal feed. Britain also considers edible insects outside the context of the European regulation on novel foods.
The future is uncertain, though, because of Brexit and the possibility that Britain will have to adhere to EU directions to realign the two on the subject of edible insects from January 2018 (with an extension to 2020 for products already on the market).
Meanwhile, the FSA sent letters to British edible insect start-ups a letter to request information from them in anticipation that a European approval may be required in the coming years.
The Federal Council has worked extensively on the legislation of insects, based on the oversight of Isabelle Chevalley, National Councillor of the Canton of Vaud, who since 2013 has asked the council repeatedly to take a position. In December 2016, the council finally passed a law (which will take effect May 1) allowing the sale and consumption of three species: crickets (Acheta domesticus), migratory locust and mealworm. Among the requirements, the insects must have been bred for human consumption and after slaughter must be treated according to the criteria of food security (high temperatures, freezing, etc.).
Southeast Asian countries have a tradition of food entomophagy, but do not have regulations relating to the breeding, sale and export of insects. Thailand, the world’s largest breeder of crickets, is working on the creation of a first set of breeding guidelines. The ACFS (Thai government agency for the safety of agricultural products) is also expected to release good agricultural practices guidelines for the breeding of crickets by the end of 2017. A preliminary set of these guidelines for GAP was made public by the University of Khon Kaen.
Even in China, insects are a common culinary ingredient in many regions, but there are still no mentions of this in food law. An exception, though, is silkworm pupae, which was included in 2014 in the list of foods allowed by the Ministry of Health. China is the world’s largest producer of silk and silkworms are available in very large quantities. They are also exported for food consumption, such as to Thailand.
South Korea’s government launched a process to legalise some edible insects in 2011. On the list there are mealworm, crickets (not the usual Acheta Domesticus, but the Gryllus bimaculatus species) and some larvae. Following this preliminary process, in 2016, the Korean Food and Drug Administration classified crickets and mealworms as normal foods, without restrictions. It is expected that other insects will be added soon to the eligibility list.